To enhance the
performance of a piece of music, dynamic markings are added to
the score by the composer or arranger.These may relate to the
speed, intensity of sound, manner of performance, tonal quality
and effects, required style and interpretation. Most of the terms
used come from the Italian language. The following are a selection
of the most commonly used:
not so fast as Allegro
not so slow as Andante
not so slow as Largo
in convenient time
at the original speed
|getting louder <
getting softer >
getting softer >
as loud as possible
as soft as possible
sweetly & softly
loud then soft *
forcing < or ^ *
* used on single note or chord
Da capo (D.C.)
Dal segna (D.S.)
Mosso or Moto
Poco a poco
|in church style
go on at once
in singing style
from the beginning
from the sign
much or very
little by little
follow on at once
not too much
sheet for you to download
- A page download to help you pitch intervals
the diaphragm affects the voice - A page download about the diaphragm
and singing view >>
using the diaphragm
- A page download with link suggestions
1. Remember, one of the most important aspects of singing
is actually listening. Listening to blend, balance, the sort
of timbre (hard or soft sound) you produce, in relation to others.
Your own voice part is not an isolated entity - it has to fit
2. We can always improve diction. Don't be afraid
to exaggerate diction - it's one way to communicate with an audience.
3. Remember to keep vowel sounds long and uniform.
4. Taking a breath after long notes is difficult to get
right - it encourages folk to cut short those long note, which
is undesirable. Long phrases generally.
5. Be careful about pitch: when coming down in pitch
(e.g. in a scale) careful to listen to the tuning - its times
like that that music goes flat. Careful about approaching higher
notes don't try and use chest voice for higher notes (ladies)
- don't forget you can use falsetto (gentlemen), for higher notes.
Think what the next pitch is.
6. Careful not to over-use of vibrato (especially
gentlemen) - it can fudge/ destabilise the pitch.
7. Be aware of dynamic contrast in each piece.
8. Be careful singing high doesn't always mean loud and
low doesn't always mean quiet. Even out the volume.
9. Sing smoothly, unless directed otherwise. Don't change
the volume on every note as in poor hymn singing.
10. Don't stab at difficult/syncopated rhythms
- sing in a relaxed way
11. When singing, hold up your copies and watch
the conductor so you can see any directions and be totally aware
of what is going on around you. Look straight, not down.
12. In concerts be conscious of other peoples' space
- are you obstructing someone's view - can you do anything about
it. Don't lean towards another person to appear to be listening
to them for help.
13. Stillness before and after each song - helps to create
the right atmosphere/mood for each piece. Wait for the conductor
to relax before you do.
14. Try and know the music - remember that knowing
the music on your own is different to knowing the music with
everyone else. We must strive to achieve both.
15. Finally, never think: `we know this one we've done
it often'. This often results in errors because of a lack
of concentration and/or a performance that doesn't sound fresh.
members are always welcome...
New singers are always welcome to the choir. Rehearsals are held
on Monday evenings, 7.30 to 9.30pm during term time at Ounsdale
High School, Ounsdale Road, Wombourne, Wolverhampton, WV5 8BJ.
For more information, contact our Membership Secretary, Eileen
Brown on 01902 892391 or at firstname.lastname@example.org, or just turn up at
one of our Monday rehearsals.